A toolkit for the identification and support
of learners exhibiting literacy difficulties


Glossary (including acronyms)


No glossary terms.


The extent to which a test or assessment can be depended on; the extent to which the test gives the same results when used under the same or similar circumstances on different occasions.


A string of letters at the end of words which sound the same e.g. which and rich.


The group of letters in a syllable following the onset.

Generally speaking the rime is the part of the syllable that begins with the vowel and comes after the onset e.g. ay in play or say.


Religious, moral and philosophical studies


Screening typically consists of looking at a group of indications that may mean that a child is showing signs of being dyslexic. It is not the same as a dyslexia assessment that will involve thorough investigation of the child’s cognitive functioning as well as considering various other factors. Screening can however indicate that a child requires specific help or intervention that can then be monitored and, if appropriate, full assessment can follow later. Screening can often be done with groups of children rather than individually.


Support for learning


Specific Learning Difficulties (to differentiate these difficulties from more general learning difficulties).


Transposition of initial or other sounds or two or more words – e.g. wellie boot ⇒ bellie woot.


Scottish Qualifications Authority


Element added to end of a word to qualify its meaning.


A pronouncable ‘beat’ in word, unit of spoken language.

Text (A Curriculum for Excellence)

The medium through which ideas, experiences, opinions and information can be communicated. Examples of texts include novels, short stories, plays, poems, reference texts, the spoken word, charts, maps, graphs and timetables, advertisements, promotional leaflets, comics, newspapers and magazines, CVs, letters and emails, films, games and TV programmes, labels, signs and posters, recipes, manuals and instructions, reports and reviews, text messages, blogs and social networking sites, web pages, catalogues and directories.

No glossary terms.


The degree to which a test actually measures what it says it does - the extent to which the tool is 'fit for purpose'. There are several types of validity. No attempt has been given here to define all of them here.


Seen or perceived by the eyes.


The letters a, e, i, o, u. Y can behave like a vowel when it makes an ĭ or an ī sound as in happy or sty.

No glossary terms.

No glossary terms.